Challenges In Designing Egress In Building & Strategies for Occupants Evacuation During Emergency

14th August 2020

The term “means of egress” may be understood as continuous path of travel from any point in a building to a public way that is in the open air outside at the ground level.

Safe exit from any building requires a safe path of egress from the fire environment. The pathway should be sufficient enough to permit all occupants to reach a safe place before they are endangered by fire smoke or heat. Proper egress permits everyone to leave the fire endangered area in the shortest possible time with effective use of exit.

The design and capacity of doors, passageways, stairways and other components for evacuating are related to the number of occupants. The tendency of people to avoid bodily contact with others causing any stampede.

Evacuation strategies

The buildings should have clear escape procedures in the event of fire. These escape routes should be kept clear at all times to ensure that everyone can exactly please in the event of a fire or other emergencies. Where there are two or more escape routes, care should be taken to ensure that smoke and flames will not affect more than one escape routes at the same time. Escape routes should be at least 1 m wide. Employees must be made aware of all possible escape routes and emergency drills should be conducted regularly to practice using them as part of emergency routes.